Public Service Commissions

At the time of framing the present Constitution, India had some experience of public service commissions functioning as integral parts of the old Constitution. The Government of India Act of 1935 had provided for the establishment of public service commissions, both at the Centre and in the provinces. When the present Constitution came into being […]

Azad Hind Fauj (INA)

One of the greatest sons of India, Subhas Chandra Bose has always created a sense of pride among people who believe in the greatness of their country. His plans for independence of his motherland from the yoke of the British imperialism with the help of its adversaries during the Second World War still evoke a […]

Focus On Your Goal To Succeed

Dear Friend, Have you ever wondered why out of  lakhs of students preparing for an exam for  several  years, only a few thousand manage to get the  coveted job? Life is full of uncertainties and no one would understand these uncertainties in a manner that the job aspirants do. They go through a wide range […]

SHALE GAS Perils And Prospects

Prof. V.P. Gupta,Director, Rau’s IAS Study Circle, New Delhi – Jaipur – Bengaluru The exploration of shale gas is considered as “the biggest energy innovation of the decade”. The increase in the shale gas production in the US has revolutionised the energy market. Natural gas has emerged as the largest source of electricity generation in […]

Emergency Provisions

No part of the Constitution has been the subject of more acrimonious attack by the critics than the one that deals with the emergency provisions (Part XVIII of the Constitution). The Constituent Assembly witnessed one of its most agitated scenes during the discussion of these provisions. Many prominent members of the Assembly opposed the inclusion […]

Individual Satyagraha

The Second World War broke out on September 3, 1939 between Britain  and Germany. The Viceroy simultaneously proclaimed that India was also at war without bothering to consult the Indians—the Central Legislature or Provincial Assemblies—the Indian members of the Viceroy’s Executive Council or Provincial Ministers, leaders of the Indian National Congress or the Muslim League. […]

Where There Is A Will, There Is A Way

Dear Friend, Talent is overrated. Most of the people who end up achieving their goals aren’t those who are more talented than others, or are more intelligent or better looking than others. What sets them apart from others is their willpower to succeed and their persistence towards their goals, irrespective of how small or large […]


Prof. V.P. Gupta,Director,Rau’s IAS Study Circle, New Delhi – Jaipur – Bengaluru It has been 25 years since decentralised democratic governance was introduced in India in 1993. On this note, let us understand the need and importance of decentralisation for strengthening of grass-roots governance in the country. The essence of democracy is decentralisation of power […]


Education is a critical tool for developing a modern economy, a just society and a vibrant polity. It provides the skills and competencies for economic well-being and social mobility. Education strengthens democracy by imparting  its citizens the tools needed to fully participate in the governance process. It also acts as an integrative force in society, […]


India is not Calcutta and Bombay. India lives in her seven hundred thousand villages. —Mahatma Gandhi Villages are the backbone of India. Villages play an important role in the socio-economic and human resource development of the nation. As per the 2011 Census, nearly 68% of the Indian population lives in the villages. Traditionally, agriculture has […]


“Success is no accident. It is hard work, perseverance, learning, studying, sacrifice and most of all, love of what you are doing.” —Pele Success is stumbling from failure to failure with no loss of enthusiasm. It is not defined by wealth but by contentment. Success depends on hard work, sustained toil, determination and perseverance. It […]


“We all have dreams. But in order to make dreams come into reality, it takes an awful determination, dedication, self-discipline, and effort”. —Jesse Owens Determination means firmness of purpose, a resoluteness. No matter where you stand, whatever your circumstances are, it is the determination that paves the way for your success. Determination means the courage […]


“Technology empowers the less empowered.” —PM Narendra Modi We live in a modern world where technology is  crucial  for humanity. We are so used to technology that we enjoy its sources in our day-to-day life. It is evident from the fact that we are dependent on computer for everything we do and it has made […]


Life cannot be always work. In other words, we cannot spend all our time by doing something. There have to be breaks at regular intervals to relax and refresh ourselves. Holidays are such breaks that provide a great change to life. Hence, holidays are fun. These are the days of feasting and merry-making. Holidays help […]