Public Service Commissions

At the time of framing the present Constitution, India had some experience of public service commissions functioning as integral parts of the old Constitution. The Government of India Act of 1935 had provided for the establishment of public service commissions, both at the Centre and in the provinces. When the present Constitution came into being […]

Azad Hind Fauj (INA)

One of the greatest sons of India, Subhas Chandra Bose has always created a sense of pride among people who believe in the greatness of their country. His plans for independence of his motherland from the yoke of the British imperialism with the help of its adversaries during the Second World War still evoke a […]

Focus On Your Goal To Succeed

Dear Friend, Have you ever wondered why out of  lakhs of students preparing for an exam for  several  years, only a few thousand manage to get the  coveted job? Life is full of uncertainties and no one would understand these uncertainties in a manner that the job aspirants do. They go through a wide range […]

SHALE GAS Perils And Prospects

Prof. V.P. Gupta,Director, Rau’s IAS Study Circle, New Delhi – Jaipur – Bengaluru The exploration of shale gas is considered as “the biggest energy innovation of the decade”. The increase in the shale gas production in the US has revolutionised the energy market. Natural gas has emerged as the largest source of electricity generation in […]


Nowadays, all people care about is money, wealth and gain of any kind. Whenever you start an activity, you only focus on the gain, thus ignoring the losses that come along. Every single action has a side effect, a theory proven even in physics and chemistry. During life, one has to endure much, in order […]


Women’s safety is the recent buzzword around the globe which demands the protection of women from victimisation. The question that arises here is : Why has the safety of women become a topic of concern in this modern civilised world? This presumes that there is something wrong with society’s treatment of women. The politics of […]


Prof. V.P. Gupta,Director, Rau’s IAS Study Circle, New Delhi – Jaipur – Bengaluru India-Japan relation has attained a progressive momentum since the articulation of ‘Confluence of Seas’ vision by Mr. Shinzo Abe in 2007. India-Japan relations are now marked by a common principle of upholding rule of law and democratic values. •   Expansion of partnership with […]

The Sunshine Of Independence

The Second World War came to an end in Europe in May 1945. In India, Lord Wavell had already succeeded Lord Linlithgow as the Viceroy of India in October 1943. He had earlier been the Commander-in-Chief here. His appointment gave rise to misgivings as to whether Britain would still keep India by dint of force. […]


“Patriotism is when love of your own people comes first; nationalism, when hate for people other than your own comes first”.   —Charles de Gaulle Nationalism, as defined by Merriam-Webster dictionary, is “loyalty and devotion to a nation; especially: a sense of national consciousness exalting one nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on […]

Comptroller and Auditor General of India

The provision for independent audit is an essential ingredient of parliamentary democracy. The fundamental basis of parliamentary system of Government, as we have already seen, is the responsibility of the Executive towards the Legislature for all its actions. The Legislature will be able to enforce this executive responsibility only if it is competent to scrutinise […]


Today we are living in the world of knowledge economy and to thrive successfully, education is the most valuable tool. The modern era has been possible due to education and learning, and is the basis for rational and logical thinking. It has brought in huge benefits for the people across every nook and cranny of […]


“Health care is the cornerstone of the socialist state. It is the crown jewel of the welfare state”—quoted by Monica Crowley holds true in all aspects. A country’s actual wealth lies in its people. United Nations Development Programme annual report of 2018 states that the basic and fundamental aspect of governance is  “state of health […]