“We believe when we see; We learn when we do…”. Our ancestors had handed over the planet Earth to us, so cool and green. We are polluting the environment—sometimes intentionally, sometimes ignorantly. Pollution is one of the current evils brought about by the growth of science and technology. It harms the health and well being […]

Withdrawal of Provisions of Article 370 and Article 35A

India is the biggest democracy of the world. A democracy is known for its multiculturalism, multidimensional approach, compromise and accommodation. A democracy’s most important feature is equality embedded with justice. Unlike all these terms which are used coterminously with democracy one feature is not considered that important—unpredictability. A communist and autocratic government works in a […]


Vocational education is the skill based training provided to students through diverse courses available in several fields such as health care, banking and finance, computer technology, trade, tourism and so on. The education imparted to the students focuses more on providing manual training and giving more practical exposure. Every industry or company today is looking […]


It took India 82 years to transit from an opaque system of governance, legitimised by the colonial Official Secrets Act, to one where citizens can demand the right to information. The enactment of the Right to Information Act 2005 marked a significant shift for Indian democracy, for, the greater the access to information, the greater […]

The Pen Is Mightier Than The Sword

Mont Blanc-149 fountain pen is emblazoned with a ‘Union Jack flag’ on the body of its barrel likening the nib of the pen to an explosive rocket. The villainous Fatima Blush, a fictional spectre assassin and the secondary antagonist in the James Bond film ‘Never Say Never Again (1983)’, meets her end when a rocket […]


Flood is often branded as nature’s fury. Like the earthquake, volcanic eruption and avalanche, flood is the natural calamity which wreaks havoc in our lives, time and again. Not only do floods heap loads of untold miseries upon human and other living beings due to their recurrent occurring year after year, but also leave affected […]


‘Arise, awake, and stop not untill the goal is reached’ is an inspirational slogan popularised in the 19th century by Indian Hindu monk Swami Vivekananda. Swami Vivekananda is respected as a prominent leader, thinker and a saint of the pre-Independence era. His teachings influenced many, not just in India but all over the world.  He was inspired, motivated […]


Media is the disseminator of information and a catalyst of social change. It is the media which is responsible for bringing the day-to-day happenings of the world to the people; it is the media which connects nations together across the globe. Media is a reflection of the society. The way media depicts certain things ultimately […]


Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi, while addressing the nation on the Independence Day on August 15, 2019, warned against the population explosion in the coming years. “Untamed rise in the country’s population is holding back the development of India”, he cautioned. This is probably the first time the Union Government is acknowledging the impending risk […]


With the stroke of midnight hour but before the morning clock of hen, India attained independence on August 15, 1947.  Before one could heave a sigh of relief for breaking the shackles of helotry, partition of India and macabre communal violence claimed more than a million lives and marred the festive mood of the country.   Liberty, […]


Post-Independence Era Prof. V.P. Gupta Director Rau’s IAS Study Circle, New Delhi – Jaipur – Bengaluru This article caters to Polity & Governance segment of General Studies-Paper II & IV and for Essay Paper in UPSC Main Examination Indian Independence gave us the freedom to step out into the new era from old shackles of […]

Constitution Of India

Basic Principles The Preamble Every Constitution has a Preamble with which it begins and which embodies its objectives or basic purposes. The framers of our Constitution in this respect were in a most happy position. For, here was an opportunity for them to give expression to the dreams of a new order they had been […]

Birth Pangs Of Freedom

When India was made a party to the Second World War by the British, the ruling Congress Governments resigned in the provincial ministries on December 12, 1939. India got ready to wage the struggle for freedom to the finish. The slogan “Quit India” resounded throughout the country. People adopted all methods—violent and non-violent—to overthrow the imperial […]